Study on Biology of Red Pumpkin Beetle on Sweet Gourd Plants
|Md. Arshad Ali, Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker and Md. Azizul Bari; Pages: 1-4
Md. Arshad Ali1, Md. Shahidul Islam2, Md. Nazirul Islam Sarker3 and Md. Azizul Bari1
1Department of Entomology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
An experiment was conducted to study the biology of red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas.) under laboratory condition. Sweet gourd plants were used as host plant for studying biology the test insect. It was found that female red pumpkin beetle laid a range of 128 to 194 eggs with an average of 152.3 ± 20.9. Oviposition period varied from 9 to 13 days with an average of 10.7 ± 1.2 days. The average length and breadth of egg at 1st, 2nd, 3rd and final instar larva and also pupa were 0.75 ± 0.08 mm and 0.60 ± 0.03 mm, 2.00 ± 0.12 mm and 0.41 ± 0.06 mm, 4.67 ± 0.44 mm and 0.65 ± 0.08 mm, 7.77 ± 0.18 mm and 0.83 ± 0.09 mm, 11.67 ± 0.88 mm and 2.07 ± 0.18 mm, 5.37 ± 0.29 mm and 113 ± 0.18 mm, respectively. Incubation period, larval period and pupal period were 11.53 ± 0.1 days, 16.674.33 days and 12.38 ± 0.31 days, respectively. The average longevity of adult male and female was 40.67 ± 0.66 days and 47.33 ± 3.06 days, respectively.
Key words: Oviposition, Developmental stage, Longevity, Aulacophora foveicollis (Lucas.)
Cite this article: Ali, M. A., Islam, M. S., Sarker, M. N. I., & Bari, M. A. (2016). Study on biology of red pumpkin beetle on sweet gourd plants. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 1-4.
Effect of USG and NPK briquette on the performance of bottle gourd
|Shammi Akhtar, Md. Shahiduzzaman, Nargis Sultana, Shamim Ara Begum, Monira Yasmin and Md. Khurshed Alam; Pages: 5-9
Shammi Akhtar1, Md. Shahiduzzaman1, Nargis Sultana1, Shamim Ara Begum1, Monira Yasmin1 and Md. Khurshed Alam2
1On Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh
The effectiveness of USG and NPK briquette for sustainable bottle gourd production was studied in the farmer’s field of Phulpur upazila under Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. There were six fertilizer treatments such as i) Prilled urea as recommended dose (RD) + recommended dose of other fertilizers (RD) + 4.0 t cowdung ha-1 (T1), ii) 10% less N than RD as USG + other fertilizers (RD) + 4.0 t cowdung ha-1 (T2), iii) 10% less NPK briquette than RD + other fertilizers (RD) + 4.0 t cowdung ha-1 (T3), vi) Farmers’ practice (T4), v) Native fertility (T5) and vi) T3 without cowdung (T6). A randomized complete block design was followed with three replications in this experiment. The bottle gourd variety BARI Lau 3 was used as test crop in the experiment. The fertilizer application as 10% less NPK briquette than RD with recommended dose of other fertilizer and 4.0 t ha-1 cowdung gave the highest bottle gourd yield (26.2 tha-1) that was identical with T6 (25.3 tha-1) fertilization where no cowdung was applied. It was also found that USG and NPK briquette produced 9.78 and 23.7% higher yield over prilled urea (T1). The highest gross margin (Tk. 2,78,548 ha-1) and gross return (Tk. 3,93,015 ha-1) were also recorded from T3 treatment. Therefore, 10% less NPK briquette than recommended dose with integrated nutrient management practice and recommended dose of other fertilizer was found suitable for achieving highest yield and economic return of bottle gourd.
Key words: Lagenaria siceraria L., Prilled Urea, USG, NPK briquette, Cost & return analysis
Cite this article: Akhtar, S., Shahiduzzaman, M., Sultana, N., Begum, S. A., Yasmin, M., & Alam, M. K. (2016). Effect of USG and NPK briquette on the performance of bottle gourd. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 5-9.
Determination of optimum doses of nitrogen for higher growth and yield of Sesame
|Shah Muhammad Shahidullah, Md. Aminul Islam, Nizamul Haque Patwary, Md. Abdullah-Al- Mamun and S. M. Altaf Hossain; Pages: 10-15
Shah Muhammad Shahidullah1*, Md. Aminul Islam1, Nizamul Haque Patwary1, Md. Abdullah-Al- Mamun1 and S. M. Altaf Hossain2
1Department of Agricultural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Khamarbari, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh
The aim of the present study was to find out the optimum doses of nitrogen on the growth and yield of sesame. An experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh following a completely randomized block design with three replications. Six nitrogen levels such as 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 kg N ha-1 were included in this study. It was revealed that nitrogen had significant effect on yield and yield contributing characters of sesame such as plant height, number of branches plant-1, number of capsules plant-1, number of main stem capsules plant-1, number of branch capsules plant-1, days to first flowering, seed yield plant-1, 1000-seed weight, seed yield m-2, seed yield ha-1 and harvest index. Our study showed that the highest number of capsules plant-1, 1000 seed weight, seed yield m-2, seed yield ha-1 and harvest index were observed in 80 kg N ha-1 while other parameters performed better in 100 kg N ha-1. The study also revealed that application of nitrogen @ 84.59 kg N ha-1 was the optimum for good yield of sesame.
Key words: Nitrogen, Sesame, Optimum dose, Yield
Cite this article: Shahidullah, S. M., Islam, M. A., Patwary N. H., Mamun M. A. & Hossain, S. M. A. (2016). Determination of optimum doses of nitrogen for higher growth and yield of Sesame. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 10-15.
Evaluation of twenty five sweet potato genotype
|Md. Abdul Wadud, Abu Saleh Mohammad Yousuf Ali, Md. Ashraful Alam, Md. Zahurul Islam, and Md. Abdul Mazed Miah; Pages: 16-19
Md. Abdul Wadud1, Abu Saleh Mohammad Yousuf Ali2, Md. Ashraful Alam2, Md. Zahurul Islam3, and Md. Abdul Mazed Miah4
1Department of Agricultural Extension, Bholahat, Chapainawabganj, Bangladesh
An experiment was carried out with twenty five sweet potato genotype namely SP52, SP53, SP54, SP55, SP56, SP57, SP58, SP59, SP60, SP61, SP62, SP63, SP64, SP65, SP66, SP67, SP68, SP69, SP70, SP71, SP72, SP73, SP74, SP75 and SP76 at the Horticulture Farm, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, to evaluate their yield and yield contributing characters. Each genotype was grown on the unit plot (3.0 m x 2.4 m) with spacing of 60 cm x 30 cm. The genotype SP57 produced maximum vine length (299.0 cm) followed by SP63 (289.2 cm) while the minimum length of vine was recorded from SP72 (59.9 cm). The highest weight of vine (600.0 g) per plant was recorded in the genotype SP52 and SP55, while lowest weightof vine (95.0 g) was produced by SP65. The highest average tuber weight (351.7 g), average length of tuber (14.5 cm) and average diameter of tuber (8.1 cm), weight of tuber per plant (1055.0 g), yield (58.61 tha-1) were found in SP52. The genotype SP76 gave the highest dry matter percentage (38.1) while the lowest dry matter percentage (20.1) was recorded in SP53. Considering tuber length, diameter, average weight of tuber, tuber yield and characteristics the genotype SP52 can be recommended for inclusion in the breeding program and release as new variety in the Mymensingh district of Bangladesh.
Key words: Ipomoea batatas, Tuber yield, Yield attributes, Vine characteristics
Cite this article: Wadud, M. A., Ali, A. S. M. Y., Alam, M. A., Islam, M. Z., & Miah, M. A. M. (2016). Evaluation of Twenty Five Sweet Potato Genotype. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 16-19.
Clinical and pathological investigation of goat disease in nuclear breeding farm
|Md. Mahfuzur Rahman, Ayesha Siddiqua, Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Ataur Rahman Bhuiyan and Abu Saleh Mahfuzul Bari; Pages: 20-28
Md. Mahfuzur Rahman1, Ayesha Siddiqua1, Md. Nazrul Islam1, Md. Ataur Rahman Bhuiyan1 and Abu Saleh Mahfuzul Bari1
1Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
The mortality of goats is one of the major problems confronting goat husbandry in this country. The present study was undertaken with the aim to investigate the mortality of goats of various etiologies at nuclear breeding flock. A total of 114 goats of both sexes and of different ages were examined during this study period. Suspected cases of mortality were confirmed by clinical findings before death, postmortem findings and histopathological examination. Mortality rate was higher in group-3 age group (37.5%), than group-1 (34.37%) and group-3 (28.12%). Season wise incidence of mortality was highest in season-3 (46.87%) followed by season-2 (31.25%) and season-1 (21.87%). The causes of mortality were bloat (15.62%), diarrhoea (18.75%), pneumonia (21.87%) enterotoxaemia (12.5%), Fascioliasis (12.5%), Hydatid diseases (6.25%), colibacillosis (6.25%) and urinary problem (6.25%). Indeed the incidence of the diseases mortality in goat of this farm could be reduced to a substantial rate by improving the management system currently practicing in the farm.
Key words: Goat mortality, Clinical, Pathological, Nuclear breeder farm
Cite this article: Rahman, M. M., Siddiqua, A., Islam, M. N., Rahman, Bhuiyan, M. A. R., & Bari, A. S. M. (2016). Clinical and pathological investgation of goat disease in nuclear breeding farm. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 20-28.
Isolation and identification of Cryptosporidium from fecal sample of calves in Mymensingh and Kurigram district
|Mir Muhoshin Masud Rana, Md. Saiful Hasan, Mohummad Muklesur Rahman, Md. Ashraf Ali, Sharifuzzaman and Md. Shahiduzzaman; Pages: 29-32
Mir Muhoshin Masud Rana1, Md. Saiful Hasan2, Mohummad Muklesur Rahman3, Md. Ashraf Ali4, Sharifuzzaman1, and Md. Shahiduzzaman1
1Department of Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
Cryptosporidiosis, a neglected parasitic disease, presents a serious threat to human health due to the ubiquitous distribution of Cryptosporidium species affecting humans and animals, and due to the resistance of the oocysts to harsh environmental conditions, various disinfectants, and some common therapeutic agents. Feces is a great reservoir for contamination and a potential medium of transmission of the pathogen. Here, study was aimed to isolate and identify Cryptosporidium from fecal samples in Bangladesh. Calves feces samples were collected from Mymensingh and Kurigram district of Bangladesh. In Mymensingh district samples were collected from Bangladesh Agricultural University campus area, Churkhai and Sutiakhali area. In Kurigram district samples were collected from Chilmari, Ulipur & Dahobandh area. Cryptosporidium was detected by the conventional Ziehl Neelsen staining method. By microscopy, Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected. The results indicate the existence or prevalence of Cryptosporidium in the study areas. In Mymensingh district, Cryptosporidium was found in 25% samples of which 30% calf were at the age of 1 to 15 days and 40% were at the age of 15 to 30 days & 0% at the age of 30 to 180 days. Cryptosporidium was positive in 33% fecal samples collected from Kurigram distric of which 33% fecal from the age of 1 to 15 days and 40% were at the age of 15 to 30 days & 30% at the age of 30 to 180 days calf. However, further studies are need to explore the present status of prevalence of Cryptosporidium in humans and animals in order to better understanding the transmission dynamics of the parasite and thereafter taking necessary measure to control and/or prevent the disease.
Key words: Cryptosporidium, Faeces, Calves, Bangladesh
Cite this article: Rana, M. M. M., Hasan, M. S., Rahman, M. M., Ali, M. A., Sharifuzzaman, & Shahiduzzaman, M. (2016). Isolation and identification of Cryptosporidium from fecal sample of calves in Mymensingh and Kurigram district. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 29-32.
Characterization of staphylococcus species isolated from livestock, poultry and human
|Md. Didarul Ahasan, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md. Ariful Islam, Minara Khatun and Md. Ariful Islam; Pages: 40-47
Md. Didarul Ahasan1 *, Md. Mostafizur Rahman2, Md. Ariful Islam3, Minara Khatun4, and Md. Ariful Islam5
1Upazilla Livestock Office, Bochagang, Dinajpur-5216, Bangladesh
The study was performed to characterize Staphylococcus spp. isolated from human, livestock and poultry. A total of 100 samples were collected from human (n=30), livestock (n=50) and poultry (n= 20). Samples were enriched in nutrient broth at 37 °C over night. Enriched cultures were streaked onto mannitol salt agar, nutrient agar and blood agar and incubated at 37 °C for 24 hrs for the isolation of bacteria in pure culture. Identification of bacteria was performed by cultural characteristics, staining and biochemical tests. The isolated Staphylococcus spp. was tested for antibiotic sensitivity against methicillin and vancomycin. A total of 58 Staphylococci were isolated, among them 33 were coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus (CPSA) and 25 were other coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. (CNS). Among the 33 coagulase positive S. aureus isolates, 17 (51.51%) produced golden, 9 (27.27%) produced yellow and 7 (21.21%) produced whitish pigments in mannitol salt agar media. A total of 25 (75.75%) S. aureus were β hemolysis producer on the blood agar media. Other Staphylococcus spp. were CNS and non-hemolytic. Antibiotic resistant pattern of the CPSA indicated two isolates of broilers and one isolate of cattle were resistant to methicillin but these isolates were sensitive to vancomycin. The results of this study suggested that MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is present in cattle and poultry which might constitute risk of transmission of MRSA to humans and other animals. More survey data are required to estimate the accurate prevalence of MRSA isolates in human, livestock and poultry.
Key words: Staphylococcus spp, Antibiotic resistance, Livestock, Poultry, Human
Cite this article: Ahasan, M. D., Rahman, M. M., Islam, M. A., Khatun, M., & Islam, M. A. (2016). Characterization of Staphylococcus species isolated from livestock, poultry and human. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 40-47.
Relationship between socio-economic charecteristics of farmer and their total crop production
|Abu Syed Md. Jobaydul Alam, Mirza Mobashwerul Haque, Mst. Mahabuba Katun, Shakil Arvin Zomo, and Md. Enamul Haque; Pages: 48-50
Abu Syed Md. Jobaydul Alam1, Mirza Mobashwerul Haque2, Mst. Mahabuba Katun3, Shakil Arvin Zomo3, Md. Enamul Haque1
1Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh
The main purpose of the study was to to explore the relationship between some socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and their total crop production. Mithapukur and Sadar upazilas of the Rangpur District were the locality of the study. Sixty respondents were selected as the sample for the study by using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected with help of an interview schedule. Correlation analysis indicated that education, farming experience, farm size, total duration of’ participation, contact with extension media and attitude of the respondents had significant (p<0.01) relationship to their total crop production after involvement with food security project. High price of inputs, lack of quality seeds and diseases and insects infestation were identified as major problems of crop production.
Key words: Food security project, Crop production, Correlation analysis
Cite this article: Alam, A. S. M. J., Haque, M. M., Katun, M. M., Zomo, S. A., & Haque, M. E. (2016). Relationship between socio-economic characteristics of farmer and their total crop production. Intl. J. Appl. Res. 2, 1, 48-50.